Fine Art Photographs in Dry Print Out Gold, Rhodium, Iridium, Electrum, Platinum, Silver and Palladium

The short documentary, Magic Iron Rose, about Richard Eugene Puckett's relentless quest to work out a formula for printing out rhodium, won a bronze Remi at the 2017 Houston WorldFest. Click on the image below to view the film.

Richard Eugene Puckett has developed simple formulas that fundamentally alter the light-sensitive compounds used to print photographs with the noble metals. The Texas Chrysotype that sets gold prints truly on a par with platinum and palladium is the most widely recognized of Richard Eugene Puckett's processes: pure gold photographs with gray tonality, invisible grain, and a wide tonal range -- and that print out on completely dry paper.

View the Texas Chrysotype Formula

Richard Eugene Puckett, shortly after announcing his ground-breaking chrysotype in the March/April 2012 issue of View Camera magazine, introduced in rapid succession three more dry print out processes:

  • THE KARYTYPE (View the Karytype formula), the only process in the world for printing out pictorial gold and platinum images 
  • THE PLATINOTYPE SUPREME, the holy grail of fine art printing with the noble metals: dry print out pure platinum
  • THE PALLADIOTYPE SUPREME (View the Palladiotype Supreme formula), dry print out palladium 

After presenting the Texas Chrysotype in person at the 2013 Alternative Photography International Symposium (APIS) in Santa Fe, New Mexico, Puckett returned to Austin and quickly formulated the Electrumtype, gold and silver,  along with similar processes that substituted rhodium and iridium for the gold. Later research in 2016 and 2017 resulted in the Omnitype, all of the foregoing metals combined for a unique tour de force, as well as the Iridiotype and the Rhodiotype. Puckett had finally completed his ultimate goal: dry print out of gold, iridium, rhodium, platinum, palladium, and silver alone or in any combination with each other. 

The metal(s) content of Richard Eugene Puckett's prints has been validated by the Getty Conservation Institute and other professional analysts using ESEM and XRF analysis. At latest count, Puckett lays claim to one dozen validated processes.

Full List of Richard Eugene Puckett's Processes

Richard Eugene Puckett's innovation of magic iron -- ammonium ferric oxalate reduced partially to ammonium ferrous oxalate -- liberated fine art photographic printers from the bare choice of platinum or palladium.  And even those familiar processes have been transformed by magic iron. No development, no heavy breathing on paper as one person (whose processes never actually worked) recommended: prepare the magic iron, mix it with the metal salt(s), brush onto paper, dry and print out. Coating with a glass rod (invented not in the late 20th century by a confused university don, but probably by Roman glassmakers 2000 years ago) is optional with the Platinotype Supreme and Palladiotype Supreme, as well as with the silver processes. 

  • Texas Chrysotype: pure gold, dry print out (DPO)
  • Karytype: continuous tone, gray scale gold and platinum, DPO
  • Platinotype Supreme: pure platinum DPO,  may be mixed with palladium or iridium
  • Palladiotype Supreme: pure palladium DPO, may be mixed with platinum and/or gold and/or iridium and/or rhodium
  • Rhodiotype: rhodium DPO, requires small volume of palladium chloride to reduce. The palladium is optionally dissolved with a hydrochloric acid bath after print out
  • Iridiotype: iridium DPO, requires total volume of at least 25% palladium chloride to reduce
  • Auridiotype: gold and iridium DPO
  • Aurhodiotype: gold and rhodium DPO
  • Omnitype: all of the forgoing metals combined in equal proportions, with the addition of ruthenium, and printed out DPO
  • Electrumtype: gold and silver; partial gold DPO with silver nitrate develop out completion*
  • Iridiotype AG: iridium and silver; partial iridium DPO with silver nitrate develop out completion*
  • Rhodiotype AG: rhodium and silver; partial rhodium DPO with silver nitrate develop out completion*

Awe is the touchstone of art. 

* These three processes involve partially printing out an image in the nobler metal, then fully developing it out with silver nitrate. They have all been validated by professional XRF spectrometric analysis; however, the formulas are suppressed and are solely for my personal work.  

Gold-Rhodium. Richard Eugene Puckett refined and resolved this formula on-camera in his documentary, Magic Iron Rose.
Gold-Iridium. This combination is simple proof that you can only create to the limits of your imagination. Before Richard Eugene Puckett mixed these two noble metals together, no one in the world even conceived of such a combination.
Gold-Platinum: gold precipitates out of solution in the presence of platinum using conventional printing processes. Not so with the Karytype formula. Gold and platinum synergistically render images exhibiting the finest characteristics of each metal.  
This image is half rhodium, one-quarter platinum, and one-quarter palladium -- another combination no one in the world could ever print. 
Gold-Platinum-Rhodium-Palladium-Iridium-Ruthenium is a tour de force in fine art photographic printing. Click image for more information.
Gold: the famous Texas Chrysotype is the only process for printing grainless, gray-scale, continuous tone prints in pure gold.  
Rhodium-Palladium prints cannot be found in any collection, any museum, or any references. Richard Eugene Puckett is the only photographer in history able to print with rhodium.  

All images on this site are protected under international copyright law. Any use of these images without written permission of the copyright holder, Richard Eugene Puckett, is a violation of law. To purchase a print, or to rent an image, contact me: